Monthly Archives: November 2011

There are things we say without thinking. It’s true. Even when you’re trying your hardest to absorb and adapt to a different culture, your native language can pop its head out without you noticing.

Nine times out of ten it’s when you do something that would normally make you emit a reactionary swear word or exclamation:

  • Sudden pain
  • Sudden fear
  • Overwhelming anger

Your expletive of choice will most likely burst forth in your native language when you cut yourself or stub your toe, for example.

Interesting, your seven-times table won’t come out in a foreign language fluently or without major levels of concentration either. Maths is the linguistic black sheep of this group.

These situations show the true colours of your mother tongue.

Often – quite pleasingly – they slip up those smug people who, having lived in a country for 10 minutes, say ludicrous things like, “My God, I’ve forgotten my native language. I think my [new language] is taking over.”

Ok, I might have been one of them when I was young and foolish. And yes, sometimes a word in the new language does come to the tongue a split-second quicker than the native one, but by and large, it’s just circumstantial – and you’d be kidding yourself to think that it’s somehow usurping your native language.

Acquired foreign languages can definitely usurp and distort each other, but that’s a different story.

However, I have noticed one specific context when I’ve started saying something odd and always in Portuguese.

It’s something Brazilians say when they enter what they think is an empty room and find that someone’s there; it’s ike a contact call, a “hello, stranger!” exclamation which acknowledges the presence of another one of you:

Opa

It’s a funny little three-letter word, and certainly wouldn’t be worth putting down on a Scrabble board, but it got me thinking. Why this one?

The Portuguese versions of “ouch”, “bugger” and “7×8 = 56” still require effort to make them sound like I said them effortlessly and in context.

And more interesting, “opa” isn’t just used in this context.

It can also mean, for example:

  • “Hey!” – e.g. someone just stole something from you and you’re shouting after them;
  • “Hang on a second!” – e.g. if you didn’t give someone permission to use something and afterwards you found out they did;
  • “Wow!” – for general astonishment and surprise

But for these uses of “opa”, I’d resort to my native language. I’m sure of it.

But with the “unexpected item in bagging area” use when you meet someone somewhere you don’t expect them to be, I go for the Portuguese.

Why? Probably because I don’t have a version of it in English. Funny, right? It didn’t take anything’s place – it just implanted itself into a vacant space in my grey matter.

More linguistic ramblings no doubt on their way…

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Brazil is set to become the world’s sixth economy by the end of 2011, if projections by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and two leading economic consultancies, the EIU and the BMI, are correct.

Brazil will overtake the UK, demoting it to the number 7 spot and continuing a trend up the ranks of global economies after last year leaving Italy behind at number 8.

According to the predictions, Brazil’s GDP will reach $2.44tn by the end of the year, narrowly outstripping the UK’s – which is set to reach $2.43tn.

Brazil’s economy grew by 7.5% last year after minimal impact by the financial crisis which most countries had to weather in 2008-2009.

The Brazilian economy may not have boomed quite as much as was hoped this year, but it is still expected to grow by at least 3%, and is predicted to grow by a slightly higher 3.5% in 2012. (This compares with growth in the UK of only 0.7% for this and next year.)

The figures have not come as a surprise to analysts, whose extrapolations have predicted the rise in the Brazilian economy for years. However, they have arrived more quickly than many expected – mainly due to the greater effects of the global financial crisis in other countries.

Read the full article on The Rio Times, where I am Senior Contributing Reporter.

Graph showing GDPs of world's leading economies (not including 1st, 2nd - China, U.S.).

Graph showing GDPs of world's leading economies (not including 1st, 2nd - China, U.S.) - Google

"Bem te vi" (Great kiskadee), photo by Ben Tavener

This baby "bem te vi" (great kiskadee) flew right into our lounge, photo by Ben Tavener

It’s not every morning that you’re in the shower and an almighty racket suddenly starts in the lounge – well, one caused by an uninvited feathered friend anyway.

This morning a little “bem te vi” flew into our house and started flapping round our living room, landing on the paintings and furnishings but thankfully not leaving its mark, as it were.

In English it’s called a “great kiskadee” – and both “kiskadee” and “bem te vi” (literally translating from the Portuguese as “saw you well”) come from its call.

It depends which ears are listening as to what it says, I suppose, but strangely enough I hear the Portuguese version.

Anyway, we released it in grand style – and, of course, took the opportunity to whip out the iPhone to film the moment: